What Is the SCIP Database?
As part of the European Union (EU) Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC), the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) will construct a database containing information regarding the use of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) in articles and products above the 0.1 percent weight by weight (w/w) threshold, per amendment (EU) 2018/85. The ECHA refers to this database as Substances of Concern In articles, as such or in complex objects (Products) (SCIP).
The SCIP database will add to existing requirements under the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Regulation. This more detailed requirement is part of the EU’s ongoing effort to establish a circular economy, in which the value of the raw materials used to create products is maintained beyond the initial lifespan. The ECHA has outlined three goals for the database:
- Decrease waste containing hazardous substances by supporting substitutions of SVHCs in articles entering the EU market.
- Increase transparency into product composition to improve waste treatment operations.
- Allow for the monitoring of SVHC use in articles so appropriate actions may be taken at any stage of an article’s lifespan, including the waste stage.
What Information Should Be Submitted to the SCIP Database?
The SCIP database will improve safety for waste operators and enhance their ability to process waste materials, including the potential to remove hazardous substances from materials before recycling, by providing the necessary information about hazardous substances. This increased transparency will also aid consumers in making purchasing decisions and improve knowledge of how best to dispose of such articles.
Companies must provide sufficient information to allow for the safe use and disposal of articles when SVHC concentration is above threshold. This information should:
- Allow for the correct identification of the article.
- Make the name, concentration and location of the Candidate List substance(s) clear.
- Provide any information needed for the safe use of the article, especially anything that enables proper management in the waste stage.
Who Needs to Provide Information?
Companies doing business in the EU — whether producers, assemblers, importers, distributors or any other business type placing articles containing SVHCs above threshold on the European market — must submit notifications to the ECHA via the database. However, retailers or other actors in the supply chain that supply these articles directly to the consumer are not obligated to submit information. Any duty holders may provide further information on a voluntary basis.
While manufacturers or sellers outside of the EU are not directly responsible for reporting, it is important to collect and manage this information to support importers or other actors who must report on composition to continue selling.
Groups that are required to submit data to the SCIP database must be prepared to do so beginning January 5, 2021.